Brazil adventures from North to South
Brazil has a lot to offer when it comes to adventure and eco-tourism. The country is divided in five regions, between 27 states. The most famous areas for ecotourism and adventure travel are Iguassu National Park, the Amazon, the Pantanal, Fernando de Noronha, Lençóis Maranhenses National Park, the city of Bonito in Mato Grosso do Sul State, among others. Three places in particular should be top of mind for adventurers: The Amazon, Bonito and Fernando de Noronha.
What does Brazil have to offer for those seeking adventures?
Brazil boasts the greatest biodiversity on the planet. One in five of the world’s plant and animal species is native of the country. For the adventurous traveler, a trip to the Amazon is sure to surprise and delight. Recognized as an important area in the world for its diverse ecosystem, the Amazon is one of the richest places for observing birds, mammals, butterflies and orchids.
Imagine you, in the middle of the world’s biggest forest, surrounded by wild animals everywhere and hearing the nature all around you. Those who dare can have the experience of sleeping in a jungle lodge, waking up with nature and having the kind of experience that you will be able tell your children and grandchildren for years to come.
Located in the Southeast region of Mato Grosso do Sul, Bonito is becoming one of the best adventure and ecotourism destination in Brasil. The main attractions of the region include waterfalls, hiking trails, boat rides, and the perfect settings for scuba diving, where adventures can see some of the most unique aquatic wildlife in crystal-clear waters. The Anhumas abyss, 14.3 miles from Bonito, is cave which leads to a lake of calm waters, where it is possible to scuba dive. Visitors can repel down 225 feet to a floating platform to experience the cave’s structures.
Bonito was voted the “Best Destination for Responsible Tourism” at the 2013 World Responsible Tourism Awards, the host city of the 2014 Ecotourism and Sustainable Tourism Conference (ESTC), the world’s most important ecotourism event, and this year the city also co-hosted the Adventure Travel Trade Association’s Adventure Week Conference.
One of the most stunning places in Brazil, Fernando de Noronha is part of an archipelago comprised of 21 islands and rock islets, about 200 miles from the mainland. The destination is a paradise for nature and adventure lovers, with a sanctuary for sea turtles, whales and spinner dolphins. Since it is also a Unesco World Heritage Site, only a limited number of people can be there at any time.
Fernando de Noronha offers visitors with many wonderful and remote beaches to explore including: Baia do Sancho, considered by many one of the most beautiful beaches in the world; Baia dos Porcos, formed by pools that are home to an enormous diversity of colorful fish; and Baia dos Golfinhos, where people can approach the friendly mammals.
There are a few hikes (or nature walks) you can do while on the island, and most of them you can easily do on your own with the exception of the Atalaia Hike on the outer sea of the island. Atalaia hike covers a good bit of the side of the island called the outer sea because it faces the African Continent and not the Brazilian coast. Another must do adventure is an up close and personal encounter with nesting sea turtles. Though not set on any schedule (other than nature’s!), occasion tourist are allowed to be a part of this beautiful moment to watch a sea turtle lay eggs at night from February to June/July.